Pavlovsk as a palace and a park ensemble was founded at the end of 18 c. as the summer residence of the Great Prince Paul, who was Catherine's II son, and the summer residence of his wife Maria.
The lands of the Slavyanka river banks including the villages Linna and Kuznetsi were given to Catherine's II heir Paul at the end of 1777 by reason of the birth of first Paul's son Alexander. Since 1796 to 1801 Pavlovsk was Paul's I imperial residence and after his death to 1828 it was the residence of his widow Maria. Being inherited by their children and their grandchildren, Pavlovsk belonged to the Romanovs till 1918 ( 1828-1849 -- the Great Prince Michael, Paul's youngest son, with his wife Helen; 1849-1896 -- the Great Prince Konstantin, Nicholas's I second son and Paul's grandson, with his Alexandra; 1896-1915 -- the Great Prince Konstantin known as a famous poet under the initials KR, with his wife Elisabeth; 1915-1918 -- the Prince of Imperial blood Joann with his wife Helen. In 1918 Pavlovsk was reorganized to the State Museum.
The outstanding architectors of Russian classicism as Cameron, Brenna, Voronikhin, Quarengy, de Tomon, Rossy and the decorators Gonzaga, Mettenleiter, Skotty and the sculptors Prokofiev, Martos, Kozlovski, Demut-Malinovski were involved in the creation of Pavlovsk.
The palace that was built by Cameron (the architector who was responsible for creating of Pavlovsk since 1780 to 1786) on the high bank of the Slavyanka river is the ideal specimen of landscape architecture of Paladin's taste.
The central square body of the palace is crowned with flat dome with the day-light lamp. Under the dome there is Italian hall-rotunda that is the chef d'oeuvre of classical architecture. All interior of male's and female's part are located around Italian hall. In 1796-1799 V. Brenna (the main architector of Pavlovsk since 1786 to 1801) built on one more floor above the light galleries, which are flanked with the square bodies that are finished with the semicirculated wings making large parade-ground. In 1877 the monument to Paul I was erected on the parade-ground (by the sculptor I. Vitaly). At the beginning of the 19 c. the rooms for Paul's I widow Maria were decorated in the first floor of South Gallery (by the architectors Quarengy and Voronikhin). Right here there is the unique study "The Torch", which has the glazed oriel window making the complete illusion that there is unseparatable space between the study and the empress's Own Garden with its blossoming carpet of flowers (the planning of the empress's Own Garden by Cameron and Violie). In 1803 the fire happened in the palace and the decoration was considerably damaged. The Front halls were redecorated by A. Voronikhin (the main architector since 1803 to 1814) who changed the decoration to some extend according to the taste of that period. Pavlovsk park is one of the largest landscape parks in Russia and in Europe ( about 600 Ga.). Its composition consists of 7 landscapes areas: Pridvortsovi (near the palace), the valley of the Slavianka river, Big Star with the pond valley, Old Sylvia, New Sylvia, Parade field and White Birchtree. The landscapes of Parade Field and White Birchtree made by the decorator P. Gonzaga are considered as the perfection of the landscape architecture. The classic pavilions as Temple of Friendship, Apollo's Colonnade, Enclosure, Cold Banya (bath-house), Round Hall, Pavilion of Roses, the pavilions of the pastoral trend: the Monument in honor of Parents, the mausoleum for Spouse-Benefactor, the bridges across the Slavyanka-river, marble and bronze sculptures -- all of them are the brilliant decoration of the park. The unique collection of bronze sculptures is apart of Old Sylvia ensemble.
The pavilion of roses (Pavillion des roses) that was made from general Bagration's country-house by Voronikhin in 1811, became well-known as the literature and musical saloon at the time of the empress Maria that Karamzin, Jukovskiy, Krilov, Neledinski-Miletski, etc. used to visit. In 1814 that saloon was a place of the ceremonial celebration in honor of Alexander I who was the conqueror on Napoleon. By that reason they added the dance hall, which had a plafond decorated with the allegorical guilded painting and with the garland made of silk roses. Later around the pavilion it was re-created the rosarium with help of the old scheme and the descriptions.
The main structural museum departments
The director Tretiakov Nicholai, tel. 470-2155
The substitute of the administrative and economic department Dello Oleg, tel. 470-2216.
The substitute for major repairs and restoration Kondakova Galina, tel/fax 470-2962.
The senior accountant Grinenkova Ludmila, tel/fax 470-6593
Human resource department: 470-6744