The museum history.
The museum was founded in 1813 under the support of Saint-Petersburg Institute of engineers of communications as the educational base for the students and afterwards -- for all engineers of communications. According to the Department of Russian Communications Leaders the museum received the models, the specimens and the drawings of every important constructions on communication ways and in Russian cities.
In 1862 the museum was opened for everybody. Since the second half of 19 c. the museum received the equipment and models of railway communications, signallings, centralizations and block systems, the specimens of locomotives.
The Museum of the Department of Communications named after Nicholas I was opened in 1902. The decision of its foundation was taken in 1896 (a hundred years past since emperor Nicholas I was born). For the museum needs purposely they built a special building under the architector Kupinskiy's project. The museum funds were based on the exhibits of Russian State and private railways. Those exhibits were presented on General Russian exhibition, Nijniy Novgorod (1896) and on the International exhibition, Paris(1900).
Afterwards the Museum of the Institute and the Museum of the Department of Communications were combined.
In the year of 1987 it was founded the Central Museum of Railway Transportation under the support of the Ministry of Communications.
The main museum exhibition is located in the special building that was purposely built in 1902 for the Museum of the Ministry of Communications named after Nicholas I. The exhibition place is about 1500 sq. m. and it has 11 halls. The exhibition is made according to its topics.
The plans of the museum.
- Railways: the foundation and the development.
- The Institute of Engineers of Communications: the foundation and the development.
- The bridges on the railways (1851-1917)
- The mobile train of Russian railways till 1917 (locomotives, wagons), means of communications, sygnallitings and block systems on the railways(1837-1900).
- The railways during the Second World War.
- The building and the maintenance of railways.
- The means of communications, the sygnallitings and the block systems on railways. (1900-1990)
- The steam locomotives, the diesel locomotives, the electric locomotives (1918-1990)
- The wagons (1918-1990)
- The running of railways (the active model of the electric part of railways)
- The exhibition hall.
In the museum there are the following exhibits: the communication equipment and sygnallitings, centralizations and block systems, the specimens of mobile train and bridges, a system of sorting stand and the model of railways ( 43 m length) with real traffic control panel (controller's, station duty person's, etc.).
Since the end of seventies the museum team has collected "live" mobile trains (more than 50 locomotives are being kept on Lebygie station of Oktyabrskaya railways). Since 1990 they have gathered the "live" computer technology that is used by the Ministry of Communications. In the present the museum funds have 63 private funds of outstanding scientists, engineers and inventors in the field of railway transportation.
The Museum is a head museum for other ones opened on Russian railways. It gives methodical and systematic help and it makes the united data base of railway science and technical items that were saved on the railway net of the Ministry of Communications of Russian Federation.
There are two branches in the museum:
1. The Museum of National Bridgeconstracting.
The exhibition is placed in 6 halls of the joint stock company "Mostotryd 19" building. The exhibition presents the models of highway and city bridges(19-20 c.), besides, two halls have the models of Saint-Petersburg bridges. You can see the portraits of the engineers and the scientists who were the founders of Russian bridgeconstructing school.
Address: 77,pr. Lenina, Krasnoe Selo, SPb, Russia.
2. The open area on Lebygie station.
"The live mobile train"
There are about 50 items of the unique mobile train: steam locomotives OD(1898), the best Soviet locomotives L-0001(1945), SU-251-58, P36-0001(1950), one of the latest locomotive P36-0249; the electric locomotive "Soviet Sumarskiy" CC 11-14 (1933), one of the oldest "electric train" SM3-027 that was working on suburb railway line Moscow-Mytitshy, etc.