The historical memorial museum "Smolny" is located in one of the most famous buildings
of our country. It history dates back to the Peter the Great's time and is related to the most
important period of Russia and St-Petersburg's development.
The building of Smolny created in 1806-1808 by the Italian architect Kvarengi's project
is a valuable architectural monument and is a part of the most beautiful architectual complex of our
It was built for Smolny Institute for noble girls and it was one of the high-prestige schools for
more than 100 years. After the Revolution in 1917 it became the heart of exciting political
life in Petrograd and Russia.
On the 4th of August 1917 the Temporary Government made a decision to locate Ispolkom Petrogradskogo
Soveta in its room. Since the autumn of 1917, when the Military Revolutionary Committee settled
there, Smolny became the staff of the Great October Social Revolution.
After the October Revolution Smolny became the residence of the first Soviet Government, which worked
in this building till the 10th of March, 1918, while the capital was moved to Moscow.
During the Great Patriotic War the Smolny was the heart of the sieged Leningrad. There were the headquarters
of the city defence and the War Council of Leningrad Front.
Now The City Government and Administration works there and it means that this building is still
important in the city's life.
As for our museum the visitors can feel the richest history of the Smolny as an architectural and historical
monument of our Motherland.
All excursions start in the State Room of the Smolny. The famous room by the same architect's project
is one of the brilliant interiors of Russian Classicism.
The Ball Room of Smolny, that served as a room for the most solemn acts and ceremonies, in October
of 1917 became the residence of the 2nd Soviet Councils Session.
The exhibition "The history of the woman education in Russia. Smolny Institute for grand girls"
is devoted to the history and development of the first European standard state school for girls in
You can see the interesting documents and exhibits, certificates, medals and signs of the former
students, lots of indoor photos, clothes made by the girls, books from Smolny library, curriculums,
public examination schedules.
There are the restored musical room and the room of the Class Teacher, which brightly demonstrates
you the life of the school.
The Memorial Lenin's Complex in the Smolny includes first Lenin's study and the
living-room where Lenin lived 4 months together with Krupskaya (from the 10th of November,
1917 till the 10th of March, 1918).
The Memorial Lenin's Museum in the Smolny was opened on the 5th of November, 1927. It is one
of the oldest Lenin's museum.
Visiting these rooms the visitors can watch 80-years old exhibits and look back to 1917, the most
cruel and dramatic year in Russian history.
The memorial complex is completed with the documental exhibits which can demonstrates Lenin's activity
as well as the activities of Soviet Government in historical contest.
There are Sovnarkom's documents and Lenin's assignments, unique documents about the
Brest Peace Contract signing.
The exhibition "The Smolny. Days of the Blockade" contains the specific documents.
The numbers of them are shown for the first time. They present Smolny in wartime years.
For the first time the visitors can get the answer about the buildings that were located under
ground. There you can see personal things used by the Smolny staff: a hand lamp, a stethoscope and
a plate for scrim-spinning, a telephone from Zhdanov's waiting room.
In the exhibition hall of the Smolny are organised documental and art exhibitions showing the
Smolny and other large museums' funds. A set of art exhibitions "Petersburg and Peters
burgers" with pictures of modern painters always functions in the museum.